Tumors In Dogs can be frightening when they are first discovered.The natural reaction the second that you feel a bump is to automatically think of cancer,but the important thing is to try to remember to stay calm and not get your dog upset.Sometimes bumps are nothing to be worried about,but they always warrant a visit to the vet because if it is cancer,treatment is needed immediately.
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What is a Lipoma ?
You will find that lipomas are the most common types of tumors.It is not uncommon for a dog owner to suddenly feel one,and then the vet points out that there are several more.They are basically just fat deposits that accumulate underneath the skin.Lipomas are non-painful, soft, round masses that usually linger right beneath the skin,but they may be also found between muscles on connective tissues.
Many lipomas do not need to be removed.They stop growing at a certain size and just sit there,but if they do get too big and are causing discomfort, then surgery is necessary.Even if your vet suspects that the lump is lipoma,a biopsy may be ordered just to rule out the possibility of other medical conditions.
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Is it a Tumor or a Cyst?
Sebaceous cysts are also very commonly mistaken for tumors.They feel quite similar,but they are nothing more than plugged oil glands.Skin cysts of this nature can be composed of sweat,clear fluid, dead cells or a little of everything.It is important to note,however,that these cysts may develop into sebaceous adenomas,which are indeed tumors.
What is a Tumor?
Basically,any type of swelling,bump,lump or growth is considered a tumor.They are divided into two categories:
Benign Tumors– These are extremely slow growing.They do not invade other areas of the body,nor do they even disrupt surrounding tissue.These types of tumors are typically removed surgically and are rarely life-threatening,as long as the entire mass can be removed.
Malignant Tumors– Tumors In Dogs can be life-threatening cancers.Your vet may also refer to them as lymphomas,sarcomas or carcinomas.
Cancerous vs. Non-cancerous
Non-cancerous lumps include hematomas,infected hair follicles,warts and cysts.Although they are not cancerous,they can still cause discomfort and must not be ignored.
The malignant varieties spread fast to other areas of the body.Common types of tumors include fibro sarcoma,malignant melanoma,cutaneous lymphosarcoma,mast cell tumors and mammary gland tumors.
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Most tumors can easily be detected by a physical examination.Lymph gland tumors, testicular tumors, perianal tumors and mouth cancers often require palpation.Bone tumors are identified by swelling and lameness while internal cancers,such as liver,spleen,lung and gastrointestinal tract all offer their own set of signs and symptoms.Tumors In Dogs must never be ignored.Just like in a human,the earlier treatment can be started,the better chance there is for survival.